WORLD RHINO DAY 2022: Every year on September 22, World Rhino Day is observed to spread awareness about the different Rhinoceros species and the dangers they face. This day also celebrates all five rhino species namely the Sumatran, Black, Greater One-horned, Javan, and White rhino species.
The purpose of celebrating this day is to raise awareness about the different species of rhinoceros living in Africa and Asia and to encourage people to conserve their bonfire.
The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) declared world rhino day for the first time in South Africa in 2010.
Apart from the species of rhinoceros in Asia and Africa, this day is celebrated for animals and to motivate people to conserve them.
According to the World Wildlife Fund for Nature, the conservation of African rhinoceros as a consumer of large quantities of vegetation is crucial to maintain the shape of the African landscape and the natural resources of the local community.
Let's know what we don't know about the rhinos-
There are a total of five species of rhinoceros found in the world.
Of these five rhino species, the white-coloured rhinoceros is the largest in shape and is about 1.8 metres tall.
Javan and large Ashingia rhinoceros have a horn on their head, while white, black and sumatran rhinoceros have two horns.
Rhinoceros are herbivorous animals despite their large size. They only live by eating grass.
The brain size of a bull is much smaller than the size of their bodies.
The rhinoceros are partially blind as they can only see objects 98 feet away.
A group of rhinoceros is called 'cres'.
The rhinoceros are great excavators and can easily dig minerals from the soil.
Female rhinoceros can breed every two and a half years.
History of Celebration of World Rhino Day-
The day was announced in 2010 by WWF-South Africa. Lisa Jane Campbell, founder and owner of The Chisakwe Range in Zimbabwe, teamed up with the show's creative director Rishja Kota in 2011 to raise awareness about the need to conserve or protect all the five species of rhinos from extinction.
The annual celebration received global recognition. World Rhino Day was first celebrated in 2011 and since then it has been celebrated every year around the world.
Poaching, climate change, and confusion in their natural environment risk the extinction of rhinos. The annual commemoration of this day focuses on spreading awareness about the need for protection and care of rhino species around the world. At present, three species of rhinoceros – black, Javan and Sumatran – are said to be severely endangered.